Holiday Flicks

Internet Archive Forum contributors are a diverse bunch. A recent post by The_Monkey_Master in the Movies Forum had a timely list of films for the holiday season. With his permission I thought I’d share it. (He requested that credit for the idea came from a thread started a year ago by poster Moose Malloy.)

Christmas
‘The Ruggles’ Christmas episode
‘You Asked for It’
‘Joe Santa Claus’ (1951)
Ozzie And Harriet – Busy Christmas
Ozzie and Harriet – The Christmas Tree Lot
“The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet” 1956 Christmas episode
Love That Bob – Grandpa’s Christmas Visit
The Beverly Hillbillies – Christmas At The Clampetts
Beverly Hillbillies – Home For Christmas
Dragnet – A Gun For Christmas
Dragnet The Big Little Jesus (1953)
The Jack Benny Christmas Show (1960)
The Liberace Show – 1954 Christmas episode
Meet Corliss Archer – Christmas Episode (Circa 1954)
Your Hit Parade – Christmas Eve Show 1955
Hancock’s Half Hour – Hancock’s 43 Mins (Christmas Special) (1957)
Date with the Angels – 1950s Family Sitcom – Christmas Episode (1957)
The Nativity (Westinghouse Studio One) (1952)
Captain Gallant: S1E36, The Boy Who Found Christmas
Sherlock Holmes: The Christmas Pudding
George Burns and Gracie Allen Show:
S2E7, Christmas Episode
The Christmas Carol as told by Vincent Price
“The Perry Como Show” – 24/December/1952
The Mary Hartline Show (1950) – Christmas Episode

New Years
Your Hit Parade: 1955 New Years Eve episode
Jack Benny Remembering New Years Eve
Jack Benny ep New Years Eve

Enjoy!

-Jeff Kaplan

Posted in Video Archive | 5 Comments

New BookReader!

By mang

We’re pleased to announce the release of our freshly re-designed BookReader on the Internet Archive.

The updated BookReader has these great new features (links will take you to a live example):

  • Redesigned user interface that maximizes the amount of space given to the book. Click the down arrow on the navigation bar to hide the user interface. (The Origin of Species)
  • Navigation bar that helps show your location in the book and navigate through it. Search results and chapter markers (if available) show up on the navigation bar.
  • New Read Aloud feature reads the book as audio in most browsers.  No special software is needed – just click the speaker icon  and go!
  • Tables of contents are being automatically generated for most books and can be edited or added manually through the Open Library site.  The chapter markers appear in the new navigation bar. (Launching Out Into The Deep in Wake of the War Canoe)
  • Vastly improved full-text search.  Search results are shown on the navigation bar and include a snippet of text near the matched search term. (Search results for “hawk” in book of birds)
  • More sharing options – the new Share dialog gives you to option to choose how to link to the book and set options when embedding the BookReader on a blog or website.  As always, you can just copy and paste the address in your browser address bar to get a shareable link to the current page. (Page 65 of Aviation in Canada, 1-page mode)
  • Touch gesture support – swipe to flip pages in two-page mode, pinch to zoom on iOS.
  • Improved support for tablet devices like the iPad.
  • Updated UI for the embedded BookReader – now includes “expando” button to view the book in a new browser window.
  • Integration with Open Library – books that have an Open Library record can have their title and table of contents edited through the Open Library site. The chapter headings on Open Library link directly into the BookReader. (Flatland table of contents on Open Library)

Here’s an embedded book for you to play with.  For any of our publicly accessible books you can embed it on your blog too by getting the embed code from the Share dialog!

 

Incredible thanks to our fantastic team for making it happen:

  • Raj Kumar – Read Aloud
  • Mike McCabe – table of contents
  • Peter Brantley – BookServer wrangler
  • Edward Betts – full-text search
  • George Oates – new user interface
  • Lance Arthur – markup and CSS
  • Alexis Rossi – QA
  • Jeff Kaplan – QA
  • Michael Ang (yours truly) – Putting It All Together(tm)
  • All of the Archive staff and contributors that make putting the books online possible!

As always, the BookReader remains open source and you can look at our developer documentation for information on reusing it on other sites. We’d like to thank user yankl on github for contributing a patch related to using the BookReader with right-to-left languages.

Posted in Uncategorized | 4 Comments

New BookReader!

Screenshot of the BookReader embedded in a blog

The Open Library team announced the release of a new version of our online BookReader software with lots of new features to explore.

Please read more on the Open Library blog at http://blog.openlibrary.org/2010/12/09/new-bookreader/.

Posted in Uncategorized | 2 Comments

Ted Nelson and Zigzag

One of the great things about the Internet Archive is the sense of adventure. There are always creative ideas bouncing around. Many of them come to fruition and occasionally some fail. In the spirit of innovation the inimitable Ted Nelson just finished up a month long code sprint with some guest programmers to bring to life one of his visionary concepts, Zigzag.

About Zigzag (from Mr. Nelson’s Xanadu website):

“We believe the computer world can be simplified and unified. Today, ordinary people must deal with an appalling variety of programs and mechanisms to maintain their information. We have discovered a new simplification based on one simple concept: a new, liberated form of data that shows itself in wild new ways.

Conventional data structures– especially tables and arrays– are confined structures created from a rigid top-down specification that enforces regularity and rectangularity. But this structure (our trademark is ZigZag®) is created from individual relations, bottom-up; it can be irregular and unlimited. Its uses range from database and spreadsheet to unifying the internals of large-scale software.”

Click image to see the Zigzag presentation

At the end of the month, on November 24, Ted Nelson and Team Zigzag (Edward Betts, Ted Nelson, Marlene Mallicoat, Art Medlar, Andrew Pam, Jeffrey Ventrella) presented a working prototype of Zigzag. You can see the presentation at http://www.archive.org/details/zigzagpresentation (a hi-res version can be seen at here.)

Team Zigzag: Ted Nelson, Art Medlar, Jeffrey Ventrella, Edward Betts. (Marlene Mallicoat and Andrew Pam)

-Jeff Kaplan

Posted in Cool items, News | 4 Comments

Adventures in Internship at the Archive

Link to cookbook Bohemian San FranciscoI’ve been working as an intern here at the Archive since the end of August-a requirement of my Library Technology program at Diablo Valley College. Since I was a professional cook for 20 + years, I undertook consolidating the cookbook collection. I learned a lot and made some blunders along the way. I suggest that anyone doing an internship at any kind of library do so after they have studied cataloging. Considering my food background, I started from a personal idea of what I thought was related to cookinga wide range of topics from actual cooking to the roles surrounding food in different cultures, to gardening and farming, to sustainability and world food production, including the politics that shape these issues. In my zeal to incorporate all things food in the cooking collection, I added thousands of files to the collection that were not appropriate to the subject heading of “Cooking”. This does not fly with Library of Congress. The scope note for the subject heading (part of the classification process for organizing books) states “ … that the term “Cooking” is used broadly to include food preparation of any kind, regardless of whether or not heat is applied.” “Recipes,” is not an appropriate subject heading or search term either. A recipe can be for a souffle, floor wax or shoe polish.

I love the old cookbooks from early to mid-century. The quality of the graphics, fonts and engraving is of a quality not seen today. They were written before processed foods were easily available. Food was pure, and people had time to cook. Clarence E. Edwords traveled through virtually every neighborhood to report on “Bohemian San Francisco: Its Restaurants and their Most Famous Recipes-The Elegant Art of Dining,” published in 1914. This is quite the romantic paean, a wonderful journey in time to post-earthquake San Francisco. If you want to try your hand at authentic turn of the last century’s San Francisco cooking, the recipes are here (heavy on the shellfish and cream), along with some colorful descriptions of the neighborhoods, grand hotels, restaurants, chefs and purveyors.Link to video Let's Make a Sandwich

On the other hand, in the most disgusting sandwich in the world category, there is “Let’s Make A Sandwich” (the video was made by the American Gas Association in 1950 to promote “modern” cooking techniques) in which Sally Gasco makes Tuna Rarebit for her guests. No matter how you try to dress it up, canned tuna, butter, milk and cheese do not mix, especially in black and white, but it’s worth the trip to the ’50s for a lesson in cultural training for young women.

link to video ooking with JoleneVenturing east and into the surreal, you might want to watch “Cooking With Jolene The Trailer Park Queen,” in her trailer park kitchen. Jolene Sugarbaker teaches home economics in the northern Virginia area, and has an on-line cooking video series. It’s not fancy, but it’s real. Jolene is instructive, friendly and entertaining. If you were ever curious about how to prepare fried pickles or an economical casserole, Jolene’s your girl.Looking at thousands of cookbooks and videos for these past few months has been a great pleasure. Just in time for the holidays, there are a few thousand free books, audios and videos about every kind of cooking technique, ingredient, time period, and world region imaginable. If you didn’t know about it already, I encourage everyone to take a look at this treasure trove for food enthusiasts. All you have to do is go to http://www.archive.org/details/cbk.

Laurel Bellon

Posted in Books Archive, Video Archive | 5 Comments

Internet Archive Online BookReader Usage

At our recent Books in Browsers 2010 event Brewster Kahle and Michael Ang gave a great presentation on the future of the BookReader.

Michael just showed us some stats that are being gathered on BookReader usage. We’re excited to have this first in-depth look at how books are being read in the BookReader.  We hope to see use of our books grow as we continue to improve the BookReader and make it easier to read and share our books online.

The stats count the number of times the BookReader was opened by a web browser (this should exclude most bots).  So far we’ve collected stats for most of October.

Here are some stats:
* Books were opened/read more than 1,500,000 times in October.
* We had approximately 19,000-25,000 unique readers per day.
* 225,000 different books were accessed in the month – a surprisingly wide range of our material is being accessed.
* The average number of books accessed per person each day was 2.5.
* The top book was the New Testament (http://www.archive.org/stream/newtestamentfor01alfogoog) with 2,394 reads.
* The top book accounted for only 0.16% of the total reads, and the top ten together were 0.87% – we have mostly “long tail” access.
* 83% of our users are on Windows – only 54% of those are using Internet Explorer.
* 34% of our users use Firefox.

Bottom line is, there are lot of books being read and they are of a wide variety. We hope to see use of our books grow as we continue to improve the BookReader and make it easier to read and share our books online.

Spread the word! Thanks to all the users of Internet Archive.

-Jeff Kaplan

Posted in Books Archive, Open Library | Leave a comment

Books in Browsers Keynote Speech, by Brewster Kahle

Video of the Books in Browsers presentation, October 21, 2010.  If you prefer to read about the contents of this speech, please see below.  (You can get the high quality version of this video on the Internet Archive.)


Books in Browsers

 

First of all, I would like to say thank you to the sponsors of this gathering: O’Reilly Media, Magellan Media, Copia, the Internet Archive staff, and the 120 publishers, librarians, and toolmakers that have come together from 9 countries to join a 2 day working meeting on Books in Browsers.

This meeting is about books and more specifically Book Culture.

This gathering is attended by booklovers of many different sorts.   We are in the middle of a transformation of books; we are participating in a transformation of books, but more accurately, we are causing and shaping a transformation of books. This gathering is to help us work together to do a good job on this transformation.

Books hold a special place in our lives and in our society not because they are made of paper, or portable, but because of the free expression and open society that they helped engender for the last five hundred years.  They are the way we, as a society, think things through– it is how we put forward new ideas with enough depth to be potentially life changing.

The role that books have played since the Enlightenment has set a high bar when we come to re-imagine and re-invent the book. The goals of universal education, of individual thought, as well as evolving technology and institutions, must be the focus for this new book we are building to sustain us for another 500 years.  Where cause-and-effect are always difficult to determine, certainly a free flow of information was instrumental in creating the modern era.

What we think of as “book culture” is a set of customs, institutions, and laws that make an “Ecology of books.”

This ecology meant that:

  • publishers can get into business easily
  • booksellers appeared on many street corners
  • libraries bought and then lent books to patrons
  • authors, sometimes, got more than beer money
  • readers can enjoy the great works of humankind

All of these components are now in transition.

Today we are seeing the shift from paper to digital, which is well underway for those who can give away information.  A bunch of advertising-supported companies, donation-supported non-profit organizations, and all sorts of organizations that do not have to make money from selling information have blossomed on the web.  We have access to an unprecedented amount of stuff for free.

Internet Archive Scanning Center

Just this month, the Internet Archive, working with hundreds of libraries around the world, hit the milestone of 2,500,000 free books.   These texts are being downloaded almost 10 million times every month.  In the last year alone, we scanned over 100,000 modern books, all the way up to Harry Potter, making them available to the blind and dyslexic.

You can go see a scanning center around the corner after this presentation, it will be running until midnight.

To put this in perspective — if we would like to make a great library, say like a Yale or a Boston Public Library scale library, available to all people everywhere in the world, then we would need to have about 10 million books and volumes of journals in our library.

Approximately 2 million are public domain books, or about 20% of our great library.      While there is more to do, we can celebrate that we have accomplished a significant step by working together.

But this leaves us with the other 80% of our great library– those books that are out-of-print, about 7 million books, and in-print, about one million books.   This requires some more work and working together.

The goal is Universal Access to All Knowledge.   We want access to public domain materials, older out-of-print but in-copyright materials, and the newest materials that are being commercially sold.

We are making progress towards these goals —  books are being distributed in digital form:  public domain, out-of-print, and in-print.

But up until now they are being distributed in completely different ways.

BOOKS ON DEVICES

The first major breakthrough was the Kindle, which launched 3 years ago and ushered in Books on Devices for a mass audience.

There were others at the same time such as the Barnes & Noble Nook and the Sony Reader

Books in Devices showed that given the right display, set of books, and ease of use, people will buy books delivered digitally.    As a proof of concept, this was great.

Problems with having a single device directly connected to a single book store would give  great deal of centralized control for the one company.    But demonstrating that people will pay for an electronic version of a book is a big step forward.

BOOKS IN APPS

The introduction this year of the Apple iPad and to some extent the Google Android brought with it the introduction of books in applications or “Books in Apps”.   Books in Apps means that a more general purpose device can be used for reading commercial books. Books in Apps brought the possibility of more entities participating in book sales and distribution, and Apple and Google then started stores to sell applications, and in Apple’s case to sell books.   Amazon quickly adapted to this by creating an app, as did Barnes and Noble.   The “Books as Apps” era was started.

But we are still short of the freedom to publish, the freedom to sell, the freedom to lend, and the freedom to read all that is legal to read.  Choke points, closed platforms, and restrictive contracts prevail, but it is another step forward.

BOOKS IN BROWSERS

Today we are announcing huge progress opening up the digital book world to take advantage of the distributed and open advances in the world wide web — with its increased functionality of the web browser to support sophisticated applications, and adding the ability to purchase and to borrow books.

“Books in Browsers” offer

  • a dedicated device-like book reading experience
  • the freedom to have many devices to choose from
  • the freedom to publish works without having to get approval from a company
  • the ability to set up digital lending libraries

I understand there are over 1 billion web-enabled devices in the world, so the number of potential readers is huge.

Many organizations are going in this direction.

Google’s promised Google Editions are going to be available in browsers.  Amazon is putting its toe in the books-in-browser world with its recent beta.  Starbucks and LibreDigital’s recent announcement of best sellers readable in browsers when at a Starbucks.  Ibis Reader, Book Glutton, rePublish, sBook, and the Internet Archive are other emerging technologies for reading in browsers.

Google In-Browser Book Reader

Kindle for the Web

Book Glutton

Ibis Reader by Liza Daly & Keith Fahlgren

“RePublish” ePub reader by Blaine Cook

SkyShelf Reader in Starbucks

Internet Archive Reader

Books in Browsers

  • publishers can easily go into business
  • booksellers on many virtual “street corners”
  • authors who can sometimes support themselves
  • readers who have access to the great works of humankind

Today I am going to show you some of the pieces coming together for this purpose:  Books in Browsers. [see screenshots from demos below]

This meeting brings together 120 people to work on Books in Browsers.   A world were there are many winners, and the most important winner is the reader, who can get the device of their choice, the bookseller of their choice, lots of libraries that preserve and provide access to both old and new books, and buyable books from a number of competing booksellers.

We see Books in Browsers as a way to offer the richness of books to the maximum number of people that enable authors, booksellers, publishers, libraries, and readers to leverage an open ecosystem to buy, borrow, and read the vast literature that is rapidly going online.

Thank you.


Demo Screenshots

 

Below you will find screenshots from some of the demos done during the presentation.  For a better look, we suggest watching the video of the presentation offered at the beginning of this post.

Reading a Book in a Browser with an App-like experience

Search for a Book

Choose to read the book online

Read the book full screen

Browse the book

 

Browser can read the book to you while highlighting passages

Zoom in to get a better look

 

Buying a Book in Browser to be Read in a Browser

Find the book

Select link to buy from Scribd

Go to Scribd site

Purchase the book

Read the purchased book in your browser

Borrowing a Book in a Browser

Find the book you'd like to borrow

Choose to borrow the ebook from Internet Archive

Select the format you'd like to borrow - choose Read Online to read in the browser

Read the book

No one else can borrow the book while you have it checked out

Return the book from your Loans page

Tom Blake, from Boston Public Library, filmed a special message to be played during the presentation.

 

Books in Browsers Participants

Books in Browsers attendees

Publishers

 

Booksellers

Libraries

Authors

Makers

Readers!

Posted in Books Archive, News | 6 Comments