Audio and Video improvements

Hi Patrons,

Yesterday we made live a large update to the way we create the audio and video displayed on our site.  Most folks might not notice the changes, so here’s a rundown:

For Audio:

  • We can now read and make mp3s from 24-bit Flac files. This has been requested for many years and we are thrilled to get it working.
  • The Ogg audio files that we create from audio files will now be using an updated “libvorbis” library.  (The library we were using before today was from 2001! 😎 )
  • We are no longer making 64kb MP3s (or zips or m3u playlists of those files).  This was a judgement call — given how poor the sound quality is for these files and the fact that most people are getting more and more bandwidth to their devices and computers.
  • Simplified back-end system, relying more and more on “ffmpeg” for format conversion.
  • We will now (try to) make derivatives from “.aac” (Advanced Audio Coding) files and “.ra”/”.rm” (Real Audio) files.
  • General ability to read more kinds of audio files more reliably.

For Movies:

  • The Ogg Video files that we create from movies files will now be using an updated “libvorbis” library for their audio.  (Previously we were using the “non reference” library ogg encoder.  Now we are using the much asked for and newer “libvorbis” library).
  • Updated ffmpeg to v0.5. This allows for a much wider range of source audio/video containers and codecs.  We will be able to derive HD-quality video formats like DV-50 and DV-100.   (For those interested in ffmpeg, changelog).
  • Better detection of widescreen movies (so less of our movies on our site will incorrectly appear “squooshed”).
  • General ability to read more kinds of video files more reliably.
  • Noting the prior point, we were able to get streaming videos for about 170 TV archive items that we could not process previously.


–Tracey Jaquith

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40 Responses to Audio and Video improvements

  1. Mike says:

    Always good to see things moving forward!

    Will you be deleting the old, derived 64kb MP3s? FWIW, I hope you don’t–I have directly linked to hundreds of them in various blog posts, and I’d hate to see those links break. (Or to try to track them all down.) I’d bet others are in the same position.

    In any case, thanks for all the good work.

  2. Michael says:

    Great to see the new derivatives up and running 🙂 Big props to Tracey 😉

    To respond to Mike’s comment (you should always link to the virtual url) … maybe could promote thous virtual urls better 🙂

  3. Mike:
    We will keep existing 64kb mp3 derivatives (and zips and m3us) around — sorry that I forgot to mention it. In the unlikely event we ever do remove them much later on down the line, we’d probably adopt a “dynamic 404 handler” which would automatically serve the higher quality VBR mp3 if a 64kb derivative was requested and didn’t exist. However, we have no plans as of now to remove them from existing items! 😎

    (wave! 😎 )
    Yes we should try to get a better documented set of pages that explain our permalinks and show our broadening JSON API (that will hopefully become the predominant API into the archive for folks wanting metadata and/or the ability to “reskin” our site or sets of items, etc.)

    -Tracey Jaquith

  4. Mike says:

    Thanks for the response–sounds like a great plan.

  5. Andrew says:

    Nice news, just as I’m planning to sort audio uploads for videogame related material…

    Better video stuff is great too, I have to go back and retest some entries I’ve uploaded which failed to derive now 🙂

    Documentation for me would be a plus. Somewhere it should say what versions of what input/output are used (this is great! but not really on the IA site and I am sure it’ll be updated again at some point 🙂 ), since an archive really needs to show it’s open in how the backend works – and allows uploaders to make sure at least one file they upload derives correctly for the various derivatives that are pretty necessary. 🙂

    Now I can start to do some local testing – not with the same script or OS, but at least the right input/output versions to test to see what files work, yay! 😀

  6. NameCast says:

    I have about 100 audio podcast posted on my website.
    There is no Player at all.Do i have to change/update each of those post again ?help1

  7. George says:

    Much appreciated!

    One more to consider: perhaps the tag could be allowed in item descriptions?

  8. George says:

    …the HTML5 -video-* tag. (In blog comments, too!)

  9. woo says:

    Good to know about the 64k mp3’s going away. FYI, the next update to my app (ooTunes Radio) supports playing live concerts (mp3 only for now) from either by clicking on the .m3u playlist or with a cool new browser “play” button which pulls out the mp3 links and as much metadata as it can and creates an on the fly playlist with the audio. I wish the metadata was more accessible than it is with some sort of standard format (or at least including the duration and track title in the .m3u file) but it’s already a big hit with some of my beta testers. Is there a place I can let users know about this (it isn’t a free app unfortunately, but it’s a swiss army knife of streaming for $4)
    Let me know either by emailing me directly or posting here
    Thanks for all the work you guys do! My kids will thank you as well!

  10. Freedomshare says:

    Yes better Audioquality is a big thing, especially for historical radio broadcast 64K was to low quality.

  11. @woo:
    try getting the /details/ page data as JSON! eg:

    oh, i guess our anti-malicious description cleaning must be stripping out the new [video] tag (i gather you have tried it already on an item of yours at and it was removed?) that’s a good idea — i’ll add it to the “to do” list…

    if your existing podcasts were using and working, there should be no change. however *new* items added to won’t make the 64kb mp3s. so if you have some kind of automated thing expecting the 64kb mp3s, you would want to adjust it. if that’s a big problem and you really want 64kb mp3s, reply here and we can see if there’s anything we can do.

    -Tracey Jaquith

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  13. C.Leander says:

    A couple of questions about recent changes:

    1) I used to be able to access streaming Quicktime clips via RTSP, which was faster than progressive download.
    This appears to have been changed. Is there another new way to view via RTSP

    2) Also, there used to be a Flash “.flv” version of some of the Quicktime video clips, that made it easy to embed on a blog or webpage. However some links have been inactivated. Is there a way to access FLV clips? Is there another way to embed video clips?

    Thanks for continuing to provide this service.

  14. Drew says:

    I’ve been recording live shows in CAF format (via Apple’s Logic software) and have conversions to aif format – both produce rather large files. Are either of these formats uploadable to Achive?

  15. leosinver says:

    thanks for be a friends of the creators mens in the world, i´m happy for put my songs with you.

  16. kim says:

    I’ve been uploading mp3’s and I’m wondering how to begin a collection on IA so that the mp3’s related to my podcasts are all together. Thanks in advance.

  17. C.Leander says:

    Hi – is it yet possible to embed clips into Facebook or other social media blogs?

  18. sathish says:

    i like boobs, in all

  19. sinuose says:

    i have a problem with my own archives, but with the last archives. The problem is that until one month ago i could listened and downloaded my own archives, but now i can’t. I can download archives of other people, but not mines. The other people can download the same archives that i can’t, why? please help me i don’t understand why.

  20. MF Foster says:

    I cannot upload audio-the button just produces a spinning circle and will not function-ideas? Thank you-MF Foster

    • Internet Archive staff says:


      We’re unable to reproduce the problem, trying with both Mac and Windows machines, using IE, Safari, or Firefox browsers.

      It may be that only the first part of the process is getting actuated. Please try clicking the share button again, even through it may feel like you’re clicking it twice.

      If you’re still having problems, please provide a description with as much detail as possible, including what exactly is happening, when in the process it’s happening, and details of your computer operating system and browser versions tried.

      If there’s any URLs from attempted uploads, please include that also, or any other information about the attempted upload. The more detail you can provide, the better chance we have for troubleshooting.

      Thank you!

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  22. mp3 is still the king, works with most media types, 128 kp is my best format.

  23. Harold Wessinger says:

    Do you have any Lum & Amber old radio programs??

  24. I need help activating the audio on my lap-top computer. I cant hear no music.

  25. Terrell says:

    I need help activating the audio on my desktop computer. I can hear nothing.

  26. I really appreciate you writing this article. When you go back and look, it is truly amazing how far we have come in terms of technology. Audio and Video improvements alike have gone through tremendous change over the many years. Great read!

  27. I’m having trouble uploading Mp3 audio files.
    I get an error message as follows:

    server (10) error.

    Any idea what’s going on?

    Thanks, John

    • hi John,
      i just uploaded several mp3s with no problems. if you continue to have problems please send more specific information such as the collection you are trying to upload to.
      thanks. -jeff kaplan

  28. Byronious says:

    The new audio player is 640 pixels wide, which is to wide for my Blog post – I tried editing the embed code however my edits didn’t work..

    Any idea on a work around?

    Muchos grasias,


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  31. Master Erace says:

    Yeah I remember doing the conversion of a few hundred speaker cassette tapes into the only converter I could get at the time, which was that DREADFUL Real Media PRODUCER, that wasn’t bad in the quality of encoding, it was just almost NOTHING in the way of portable audio players, used the format.

    But after doing all the conversions to digital, I had disposed of all the tapes…. Bummer.

    AND it was at this point that I became aware of the EVILNESS of the REAL MEDIA formats and their attitude toward consumers, “NO I don’t want to install, this, that, these things, those things, and a number of other things”.

    And they rigged their software to go right ahead and install everything I specifically cited, that I did not want installed, and they effectively overran my PC with their software.

    BAD moves.

    Real Media – were focused on proprietary lock in and using underhanded tactics, at my expense, to achieve it. Kind of like getting a simple savings account and then finding it linked to a super high interest rate credit card – and getting ripped off when withdrawing YOUR OWN money….. that’s right – not their money, your own money, at their credit card interest rate.

    That kind of an underhanded ethical scam…

    A few years down the track along came some FREE (?) software that enabled me to DECONVERT from the RM, RAM, RA – Real Media format/s, and into MP3 format.

    I had to make an awful lot of data fit onto small drives etc., so I understand everything to do with high compression ratios – but there comes a point where the compression is so high, and the audio quality is so low, that some basic principles have to be implemented.

    Stupidity, very high compression and really poor quality audio – is to no ones advantage. It’s like scumming on ink so badly, by thinning it out so much and then spraying down so little – that no one can read the “ghost font”.

    That is where the true advantages of compression is lost.

    File compression (in audio) has it’s origins in the days of floppy disk drives, very small hard drives, slow motherboards, low strength processors, very expensive low spec RAM and low capacity internet speeds – meets the coming tidal wave of digitisation of audio and video.

    Now for many people there is NO advantage for minimalist quality audio and video, in fact it’s much better to have reasonably good compression and very good sound quality.

    So while I have done very good combinations of 56kpbs and sampling rate audio and come up with high clarity and just a fractional tinniness…… I am not sure that it’s a brilliant move, but because real sound quality from high compression – needs to be done on the basis of sound quality first and file size second.

    This becomes an issue when one has hundreds of thousands of audio files….. but rather than abandon the high compression levels, I’d be looking at the quality of the encoding rates.

    If you can achieve near identical sound quality for the entire 50 years of the hour long weekly Roy Rogers Cowboy Radio Show, at about 30% of the file size, as compared to just slack 128Kbps with a low sampling rate, I’d got the 56Kbps…with a higher sampling rate.

    High quality compression isn’t just the compression – it’s the settings of the compression engine that make a huge amount of difference in the quality of the finished product.

    Before you write off the high compression formats – experiment with the settings of the high compression levels, such as the sampling rate.

    I think I used 56Kbps audio quality compression level – at a 44 or a 64 or 96Khz sampling rate. Been a long time since I did it….

    I got sanely small file sizes and very good quality audio – especially good on speaker tapes…. and radio quality broadcasting.

    Then it was dor

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